International battle i used to be a watershed in glossy international historical past. at the battlefield, thousands have been slaughtered through chemical battle, computer weapons, and trench warfare—and this mindless bloodletting continues to be the main enduring legacy of the nice warfare. severe to realizing the war’s importance is the often-overlooked emergence of a “modern” dynamic grassroots peace flow that either hostile struggle and sought to abolish its social causes.
Edited via Scott H. Bennett and Charles F. Howlett, Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in international battle I the USA offers fundamental files, so much anthologized for the 1st time, illustrating competition and resistance to the battle and the government’s efforts to advertise the struggle and limit dissent. This clean assortment highlights the vast diversity of antiwar sentiment: spiritual and secular, liberal and radical, pacifist and nonpacifist, together with conscientious objection. It additionally addresses key concerns raised via the antiwar movement—particularly dissent in wartime, civil liberties, the which means of patriotism, and citizen peace activism—that stay very important to realizing American democracy.
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Extra info for Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader
In 1919 and 1920 Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, a Quaker, ordered mass raids that arrested thousands of radicals and deported several hundred aliens. Louis F. Post, a former assistant secretary of labor, lamented the postwar “popular delirium,” “war frenzy,” and “popular hysteria” that equated radical aliens with “moral rats” 24 . ” Among the alien radicals deported to the Soviet Union in December 1919 aboard the Buford, a steamship dubbed the “Soviet Ark,” were anarchists Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, who were arrested in June 1917 and convicted of conspiring against the Selective Service Act.
Other peace groups emerged during the interwar era, creating a powerful social, political, and cultural peace movement. S. and European pacifists founded three pacifist internationals. With their origins in the First World War, these transnational organizations had an immense impact on the interwar peace movement. S. affiliate. This linked the American peace movement to a global pacifist network committed to peace and justice. Consistent with the modern peace movement that emerged after 1914, these pacifist organizations, contending that peace required justice, championed social reforms to abolish the causes of war.
L. T. to Editor, “Women’s Sphere,” New York Call (Magazine and Editorial Section), 1 April 1917, 13. For a “mothers’ strike” discussed by some European women, see Rose Rosner, “Alla Nazimova on a Birth Strike in Europe,” New York Call (Magazine and Editorial Section), 4 February 1917, 10. 4. “Yell Anti-War at Launching of Battleship,” New York Call, 20 June 1915, 2. Introduction . 33 5. For “War Against War” quotation, see Harriet H. S. Movement for World Peace and Women’s Rights (Syracuse ny: Syracuse University Press, 1993), 71.
Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America: A Documentary Reader