By Arthur Cayley

ISBN-10: 1429700491

ISBN-13: 9781429700498

This quantity is made out of electronic pictures from the Cornell college Library old arithmetic Monographs assortment.

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**Example text**

24 ϩ 5z Ϫ z 2 107. 3x 2 Ϫ 5x ϩ 2 108. 3x2 ϩ 13x Ϫ 10 109. 2x 2 ϪxϪ1 ϩ 4x Ϫ 128. 16 Ϫ 6x Ϫ x2 130. 7y 2 ϩ 15y Ϫ 2y3 2x 3 110. 2x2 1 2 8x Ϫ 1 96 x Ϫ 132. 13x ϩ 6 ϩ 5x 2 1 16 134. 135. 3x 3 ϩ x 2 ϩ 15x ϩ 5 137. 3u Ϫ 2u2 1 2 81 x 2 ϩ 9x Ϫ 8 136. 5 Ϫ x ϩ 5x 2 Ϫ x 3 ϩ6Ϫu 3 139. 2x3 ϩ x2 Ϫ 8x Ϫ 4 83. x 2 Ϫ 4x ϩ 4 4 2x 2 138. x 4 Ϫ 4x 3 ϩ x 2 Ϫ 4x In Exercises 83–90, factor the perfect square trinomial. 89. 4x2 Ϫ 3x ϩ 9 129. 133. In Exercises 75–82, factor the difference of two squares. 79. 126. 9x 2 Ϫ 6x ϩ 1 131.

Ab͒m ϭ am bm ͑5x͒3 ϭ 53x3 ϭ 125x3 6. ͑am͒n ϭ amn ͑ y3͒Ϫ4 ϭ y3(Ϫ4) ϭ yϪ12 ϭ b am bm 8. Խa2Խ ϭ ԽaԽ2 ϭ a2 7. a m ϭ SuperStock x 1 y12 23 8 ϭ 3 3 x x 2 Խ͑Ϫ2͒ Խ ϭ ԽϪ2Խ2 ϭ 22 ϭ 4 2 3 ϭ It is important to recognize the difference between expressions such as ͑Ϫ2͒4 and Ϫ24. In ͑Ϫ2͒4, the parentheses indicate that the exponent applies to the negative sign as well as to the 2, but in Ϫ24 ϭ Ϫ ͑24͒, the exponent applies only to the 2. So, ͑Ϫ2͒4 ϭ 16, whereas Ϫ24 ϭ Ϫ16. It is also important to know when to use parentheses when evaluating exponential expressions using a graphing calculator.

X Ϫ 4͒͑3 ϩ x͒ ͑2x Ϫ 1͒͑x Ϫ 4͒ ϭϪ 3ϩx , 2x Ϫ 1 x ͑4 Ϫ x͒ ϭ Ϫ ͑x Ϫ 4͒ 4 Divide out common factors. Now try Exercise 35. 1. Recall that to divide fractions you invert the divisor and multiply. STUDY TIP In this text, when a rational expression is written, the domain is usually not listed with the expression. It is implied that the real numbers that make the denominator zero are excluded from the expression. Also, when performing operations with rational expressions, this text follows the convention of listing beside the simplified expression all values of x that must be specifically excluded from the domain in order to make the domains of the simplified and original expressions agree.

### An elementary treatise on elliptic functions by Arthur Cayley

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