By G. Alan Marlatt, Katie Witkiewitz
Because the profitable predecessor of this quantity used to be first released, a brand new new release of study has turn into on hand on addictive behaviors resembling consuming, smoking, and different substance use. The articles during this assortment, reprinted from American mental organization journals, describe a variety of organic, mental, and social techniques to discovering and treating addictive behaviors. the results of addictive behaviors diversity from unwell healthiness and social and family members difficulties to financial and felony problems. Psychologists' roles in mediating the unwanted effects of habit contain getting to know the results of drug motion, learning the epidemiology and etiology of drug and alcohol abuse, designing prevention courses, figuring out the trajectory of substance abuse and kinfolk possibility elements, screening and overview, discovering the easiest types of therapy, and realizing the wishes of particular populations. the newest techniques to all of those initiatives are showcased during this quantity, with a view to be of curiosity to scientific future health psychologists and different psychological wellbeing and fitness execs from graduate scholars to pro clinicians and researchers.
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Extra info for Addictive Behaviors: New Readings on Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment
Only during the past decade have modem standards of evaluating treatment outcomes, including the use of controls, blinding, and random assignment of subjects, been used to evaluate existing alcoholism treatments. For example, although disulfiram has been used to treat alcoholism since 1949, it was not until 1986 that the efficacy of this medication was subjected to research methods. A significant advance in understanding what works in alcoholism treatment resulted from a large multisite clinical trial (Project MATCH) initiated by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).
Obviously, the interactions between substance abuse and other mental disorders are complex. , Kushner, Sher, Wood, &. Wood, 1994). In the latter case, referral to traditional treatment programs that focus exclusively on substance abuse may be less efficient and effective than treating both disotders in the context of individually tailored psychological interventions, particularly if specialist programs are not specifically designed to make those important comorbidity distinctions and offer effective interventions for the coexisting mental health disotder.
Psychologists have a responsibility to assess routinely for alcohol/dmg problems (including dependence) and to address such problems when they are part of the clinical picture. Such routine screening and assessment afford the opportunity for secondary prevention, to intervene earlier in the development of problems when behavior is likely to be more malleable and severe harm can be averted. In sum, psychologists should not and realistically cannot avoid treating substance use disorders. They affect a substantial proportion of the general population and are particularly common among people seen for health and psychological care.
Addictive Behaviors: New Readings on Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment by G. Alan Marlatt, Katie Witkiewitz