New PDF release: A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows

By George Emery, Herbert Emery

ISBN-10: 077351824X

ISBN-13: 9780773518247

Using cliometric equipment and files from six grand-lodge data, a tender Man's gain rejects the traditional knowledge approximately pleasant societies and disorder assurance, arguing that IOOF hotels have been financially sound associations, have been extra effective than advertisement insurers, and met a marketplace call for headed via younger males who lacked choices to industry coverage, now not older males who had an above-average possibility of disease incapacity. Emery and Emery express that many younger males joined the unusual Fellows for illness coverage and give up the society as soon as self-insurance - reductions - or family members coverage - secondary earning from older young children - made it possible for them. The older males, who valued the social merits of club and didn't desire the unwell profit, progressively turned a majority and dismantled the IOOF's coverage provisions.

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Extra resources for A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929

Sample text

Clawson relies on circumstantial evidence. From the church's perennial concern about secret societies, she infers that Roman Catholics were joining them before 1880 (Clawson, 1989, 130). She cites the suppression of German-language lodges in the Knights of Pythias during the 18905 for evidence that fraternal nativism helped to drive Roman Catholics out of secret societies. Her evidence does not show, however, whether the German Knights were Roman Catholics. Developments in the Forester orders tend to support Clawson's interpretation.

In 1890 the SGL elected Dr Clarence T. Campbell of London, Ontario, to the post of grand sire, the first Canadian to fill the iOOF'S highest office. THE I O O F ' S ORGANIZATION The IOOF had four branches: lodge, encampment, patriarchs militant, and Rebekah. In each branch, the IOOF organized local bodies (lodges, encampments) into state and provincial grand bodies (grand lodges, grand encampments). The grand bodies, in turn, fell under the IOOF'S supreme authority, the SGL. 0 A Young Man's Benefit grand lodges and grand encampments had representatives at the SGL.

Such families could not manage on the income of the household head, so they got by with subsistence activities, barter, and secondary incomes (Bradbury, 1993). At best they saved in short bursts to spend, not over the long term to accumulate (Johnson, 1985). Market insurance or self-insurance was beyond their reach. Fraternal orders were affiliated societies, or societies with branches. The branches were styled lodges in the IOOF, the Knights of Pythias, and the Freemasons. They were known by various names (tents, hives) in other orders.

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A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929 by George Emery, Herbert Emery


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